Feedback is an important part of learning in my classroom. We go through many feedback loops on most tasks. Feedback helps us define the spirit and culture in our classroom. We use it to guide and encourage each other throughout our learning. Peer feedback is a tool for providing suggestions and encouragement to each other on specific tasks or in specific situations. It is not that to replace Teacher feedback, comments or grades. I’ve worked hard with the students to create a culture of fearless feedback culture in our class. I believe that everyone in the room is everyone else’s mentor and support. We use our best efforts to help each other become better at what we do. When each of us contributes our best ideas and efforts, we have a culture in which everyone regularly identifies and investigates how we can all improve and how we can work collaboratively to make improvements in our learning.
I wanted to share some ways to help develop a culture of feedback in their classroom.
1. Start with an activity to find out what they know about feedback. Some questions I asked my students at the beginning of the year in a brainstorm were:
- What is Feedback?
- When would we use feedback?
- Why would we use feedback?
2. Next we moved into looking at Specific vs General feedback as well as Negative vs. Positive feedback.
Specific feedback provides details on what and how a person can improve what the feedback is about. If it is about a task, it points out exactly what the feedback is about and gives detailed reasons for the feedback. It also gives suggestions on how to improve that specific task.
General feedback is often seen as the feel good fuzzies and has little reason as to why it is being given. I think of it like someone sharing candy with me.
Not all feedback has to be positive but it must be constructive. Feedback is designed to motivate and help people not confuse or discourage people.
All feedback falls on a grid of Negative (or constructive) to Positive and Specific to General. I found this chart online and my kids really liked it.
We then tried to come up with examples of each type of feedback. Here are some samples of student feedback.
Positive Specific – I really like how you used the transition words that we learned in class like ” until” and “finally”. They helped put things in order.
Constructive Specific – When talking about the characters, use their names so that people who aren’t reading the book can tell them apart. That would help your summary make more sense.
Positive General – I really like how much detail you put in your summary.
Negative General – You didn’t write very much.
At first my students struggled with constructive specific feedback. They were very good at the warm fuzzies but it has taken a lot of work for students to be specific. The kids aren’t familiar with the vocabulary as I never really stressed it but I think they could categorize their feedback on this grid if I gave it to them. This was mostly due to the fact I was trying not to overwhelm them as all of this was very new to them.
3. We reflected a while later on how we knew when to use feedback. The kids really struggled with this so we did an activity identifying when and how to give feedback. I gave them a bunch of situations and we realized that feedback can come in many forms. The students prefer giving feedback at specific times and they have found leaving sticky notes on the work the best way to do so as. They do not like comments in Google Docs as much so I tend to print things off for them to use sticky notes if it is typed.
If your students are struggling with this, here are some steps you could use:
- Ask how to best give feedback – sticky notes, a conversation, ect.
- Share your perspective on the work but try to understand where they may be coming from. Ask for clarification on the person’s work if needed.
- Thank them for sharing their work with you
- Follow up with them. See if they need any clarification or if they would like more feedback. (My students have to write their name on the sticky notes so that the receiver can ask for clarification)
You may want to do an activity on giving feedback such as printing off writing samples and writing specifically the criteria you are looking for on the board. This will focus the students on one specific thing to look for.
The next thing to work on is how to receive feedback. My students took things very personally at first. They struggled to realize that constructive feedback (or helpful feedback) was there to help them. I continuously had to tell them to remember feedback is an opportunity to learn from your peers and for them to use it as a chance to improve their work. I also had to ask them to remember how it feels to give feedback and be supportive of the student who gave feedback. It can be really challenging and make the students uncomfortable to give feedback initially. In the beginning, I had the students thank the person for their feedback and reflect on how they might be able to use the feedback. Now they are more comfortable leaving and receiving feedback. I still thank all the students for participating in the giving process.
If you are doing verbal feedback remind students to be present with the person they are getting the feedback from and remember how it feels to give feedback so they should be supportive. They should still thank the person for their feedback and share how they might be able to use the feedback they received.
The biggest thing for my students was the need to realize that the person who is giving feedback was trying to help so them. I needed to teach them to assume positive intent and that if something doesn’t make sense, talk to the person and ask for clarification. This could relate to misunderstanding in the work or feedback.
The next thing I’d like to try is having the students provide with examples.
My next steps with my students will be a reflection or discussion about how they respond to feedback. My plan is to use the following prompts:
- Am I a good Getter?
- How do you respond to critical feedback?
- How do you respond to positive feedback?
- Describe an experience where you would be uncomfortable to learn something new
- What is one thing you could do to improve on how you receive feedback?
This is not a quick process. You have to have a very positive classroom environment for this to work. You have to build trust between your students and in the process. The students are quick to accept feedback from myself as a teacher but I see that they are still a bit hesitant with student feedback. I am starting to see improvements. This process is probably one of the things that the kids struggle with talking about to others. This is partially my fault for not pushing them to be very cognizant of the process and vocabulary that goes into it.
When you take this on, make sure you are consistent and continuously engage your students in doing so. I let it go a little bit in December and I found that when we came back to it in mid January, they struggled with specifics. There was improvement last week, when we did it again. We’re going to revisit the whole process again after teacher’s convention as a refresher.
Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions, experiences to share or feedback for me! I always appreciate hearing about other people’s journeys in feedback.
Edit: This resource was shared with me on Twitter to help students get started with feedback and reflection. Hopefully it will help! Tips for providing Effective Feedback